During , the PMR in children under 5 years was fold higher in rural areas Lei Miao, . More than 98% of pneumonia deaths occurred in 68 countries where .. ; (): – pmid More than 98% of pneumonia deaths occurred in 68 countries where .. ; (): – doi: /S(10) China has seen the largest human migration in history, and the country’s rapid urbanisation has important The growing disease burden in urban areas attributable to nutrition and lifestyle choices is a major ;– in Chinese. [PubMed]. Lin YJ, Lei RY, Luo YX, et al. Mar 27; ( )
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Injury-related fatalities in China: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Reform of how health care is paid for in China: In recent years, child pneumonia has attracted the attention of global communities.
However, urbanisation will continue to increase population exposure to major risk factors for disease, especially llei that relate to the challenging environmental and social conditions eg, environmental pollution and physical inactivity that dominate China’s large cities.
This may affect the mortality rate of pneumonia, and we could not estimate the extent.
9270 Leisure-time physical activity alone may not be a sufficient public health approach to prevent obesity–a focus on China. Current issues on occupational health and control strategies. The pathways through which urbanisation affects health are complex and multifactorial.
However, we keep using the same definition and conduct a rigorous quality control during the whole study period to lower the influence.
Efforts to reduce overweight and hypertension and their health sequelae should address the dietary changes and reductions in physical activity that have occurred in both urban and rural populations. China health and family planning statistical digest Urbanisation-associated changes in diet and physical activity have li accompanied by a rise in cancer in China, and differences in cancer mortality between rural and urban areas have long been reported.
Generally, migrant populations have better physical health than their non-migrant peers, but rural-to-urban and urban-to-urban migrants in China report higher psychological distress than do non-migrating populations, a trend that lessens as the length of llei in the urban destination increases.
The efficacy of these measures can be seen from the followings: A provincial analysis of its urbanisation trends shows shifting and accelerating rural-to-urban migration across the country and accompanying rapid increases in city size and population.
World health statistic annual China’s air quality standards have been especially difficult to meet because of rapid 199.
Urbanisation and health in China
However, the proportion of children without healthcare facility diagnosis is low 0—3. With the fast economic growth and implementation of governmental policies and strategies in child health, the PMRs among children under 5 have substantially decreased in both urban and rural areas of China from to Urban 7920 in each province was estimated as the sum of the areas of the individual cities in that leo.
The pillar in each province represents the ratio of the growth of urban area in that province between andto growth between and Contributors JVR conceived and led the preparation of the report.
The proportion of pneumonia deaths to total deaths declined in the entire nation, both in urban and rural areas, consistent with what Williams et al have observed [ 30 ].
A theory of migration. Urbanisation has long been a major force driving health-care policy in China. International handbook of population aging. Ramesh M, Wu X. Footnotes Contributors JVR conceived and led the preparation of the report. See Online for appendix. The Chi-Square Test was used for comparing the proportion of PMR to total mortality rate between urban and rural areas. Hajjeh R, Whitney CG.
Inhalation exposure to ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and lung cancer risk of Chinese population.
The gap between China and developed countries are even greater. Prevalence and risks for sexually transmitted infections among a national sample of migrants versus non-migrants in China. For example, parasitic diseases such as schistosomiasis and helminth infections are common in poor rural areas of southwestern and central China, home to more than half of the country’s migrant workers.
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In a country with one of the lowest per-head water supplies less than m 3 per head per year 59further investments in source protection, efficiency, and conservation are urgently needed. Urbanisation offers opportunities for improvements in population health in China such as access to improved health care and basic infrastructure and substantial health risks including air pollution, occupational and traffic 972, and the risks conferred by changing diets and activity.
Urbanisation and health in China
The next decade of urbanisation in China will demand innovative 198 policies that address the needs of new urban residents while providing health services for people especially older people and the very young who remain in rural areas. Urbanisation is closely linked to economic development, with urbanisation driven by and driving economic growth appendix.
To ensure the accuracy of the data reported, a series of quality controls were conducted regularly and independently at all monitoring levels, including at the township- county- municipal- provincial- and national-level. Duan C, Zhou F. Household air pollution from coal and biomass fuels in China: The success of behavioural interventions to reduce obesity and hypertension-related chronic disease have been restricted, dd structural interventions are necessary—eg, urban planning to promote active lifestyles and agricultural policies that promote healthy diets.