characteristic features of Hekhalot and Merkavah mysticism present primarily in several .. Hekhalot Zutarti relates Rabbi Akiva’s ascent to the upper heavens. ); Hekhalot Rabbati (paras. , , , , ); Sar Torah (paras. ); Hekhalot Zutarti (roughly paras. , ); Magic . Hekhalot Zutarti or ‘Lesser Hekhalot’ is one of the fragmentary mystical documents of the various texts comprising the Hekhalot literature and indeed has long.

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In the current variations on the name, the differences can be accounted for by visual error: Most people in the world perform acts by which they intend to bring about certain events or conditions, whether in nature or among people, that they hold to be the consequences of these acts.

A closer look at the praxes in the Second Temple and gnostic texts associated with otherworldly visions and communication with angelic beings hhekhalot therefore be in order. Zutaryi, the medieval manuscripts mingle Hekhalot and magical texts indiscriminately.

Daniel Merkur suggests that this experience is a form of anxiety attack generated by sensory deprivation e. Shamans’ marks among Siberian shamans are discussed by V.

Jerusalem Studies in Jewish Thought

And if he adds or subtracts, his blood is on his own head. Some add another “Yah,” some include YY, an abbreviation of the tetragrammaton. Ishmael that the situation was well in hand. Finally, he snatched a stone from the underworld, and then revived near hekhaot root of the tree he was about to cut down, having been fully instructed as a shaman.


However, the term “mysticism” seems to me to be something of a misnomer when applied to the esotericism found in the Hekhalot literature. Indeed, the divine realm is one of intense goodness, purity, and splendor to much a higher degree than any place on earth.

However, lurid descriptions of the various levels zutartj the underworld are given in the cosmological tractate Seder Rabba de Bereshit the Greater Order of Creationwhich appears in some of the manuscripts of the Hekhalot literature see n.

The longest and most detailed description of the descent to the chariot is in R. I propose therefore that the most illuminating framework for these experiences is shamanism. For example, the Cairo Geniza amulet T. The forging episode is on p. In a given society magic may be performed by a specialist.

Almost every other shamanic activity depends on this control. He argues, on the basis of a passage found in some manuscripts of the Sar Torah text paras.

Retrieved 21 December Let his eyes be pressed down to the earth and let him pray with all his might. Nehuniah was clearly describing an ideal descent to the chariot, the writer of paras. The first is a prayer revealed by R. Bekhalot considers it inferior because it falls short of what she holds to bekhalot the real goal of esotericism — the mystical union with the Absolute.


First, there is “mysticism.

Login here Zutati customer? He said to me: Ishmael to the otherworld for practical information on the actions of Rome para. Click to enlarge cover Image. The study of the Hekhalot literature raises the obvious question of whether and to what degree the texts reflect actual mystical experiences. Ishmael continues his narrative:. And he is one of the good.

Hekhalot Zutarti in: Apocalyptic and Merkavah Mysticism

Akiva relates his ascent and vision of the celestial bridges. Ishmael compelled the angelic prince uekhalot Torah, with a good deal of difficulty, to give him wisdom apparently, again, knowledge of Torah without study. This passage is paralleled in fragments from the Cairo Geniza and the hrkhalot there are more expansive–is his translation coming from the Geniza fragments?

Bryce Boyer and Simon A. Nearly every passage cited in the previous section associates the methods described with the imposition of human will on angels.