call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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Ccna voice 460-461 pdf

Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped. Security Device Manager SDM — Which was a grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line.

If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam. Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to 90 minutes. 460–461

So Cisco included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize. Do you remember what a MAU was? Really there was very little change to the exam except I am pretty sure this is where they removed AppleTalk and Token Ring from the exam and made the announcement of IOS The CCIE certification was aimed at those hardcore networking geeks in the early days of corporate networking.

Back in these days when I achieved my CCNA, the classroom I sat in each student had one router and we had to partner up with another student to see routes propagate between 46-461 routers.

They also decreased the number of questions on the exam from 60 to 70 to 55 to 65 questions per exam. Well, at least in theory. As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned ccnz.


Something else I find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool.

Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about. But that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly.

Troubleshooting — To marry up with the CCNP revisions that will be introduced about a year later, Cisco starts to introduce the concept of knowing how to troubleshoot a device and not just set it up. Well, that is what they were selling at the time. History of the CCNA Certification Given that you are about to take on the challenge of obtaining your Cisco CCNA certification, you probably should know a little about the history of how it came about and how it evolved.

In the two exam format, there are 60 minutes in length each instead of 90 minutes for the single, composite exam. Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern. About a year later inCisco saw the need to really break out different disciplines for their CCNA track.

History of the CCNA Certification –

At this time of the Cisco certification evolution, passing either of the exams did not earn the candidate any type of certification. I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today. It is significant to note that there were initially no changes to the exam objectives. Cisco Router and Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and switch platform?

Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time.

The composite exam consisted of questions and 90 minutes to complete them all. Got to conserve those IPs! Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification.


So fast forward two years to and exam ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? So what was added? Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years!

It was seems that Cisco beefed up the Switching portion of the exam a little bit in this revision. OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability. The two exam option was 50 to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in 75 minutes for the new ICND2 option.

CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

It never really took off and it was removed about 2 years later while still the exam. Boice — General access-list configuration was covered. Now what did they add to the CCNA exam? ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using 40-461 circuits.

We will see that evolve later. Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced. These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches.

Frame Relay — Still on the exam for large networks that span multiple geographic locations. Four years later in October we see the update of the exam to the revision.