Escala APGAR-familiar en adolescentes de Lima. Received: Approved : Scale of family functioning, developed by Smilkstein (). Various efforts. Smilkstein G. The family APGAR: a proposal for a family function test and its use Funcionalidade familiar de idosos com alterações cognitivas: a percepção do. Palavras-Chave: ansiedade e depressão de Zung; APGAR familiar; baremas; . Family Apgar: it is an instrument designed by Gabriel Smilkstein, neurologist.

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Test results were compared with the depression clinical diagnosis, finding a sensitivity of Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Furthermore, all signed the Statement of Informed Consent. The items on the scale show an adequate level of dis crimination regarding the high and low scores of the scale, except for items 10, 12 and 17, which show areas under the curve lower than 0,7, but significantly different from 0,5. The technique of “Hotelling’s t-square” was also applied, which tests the blank hypothesis that all averages from all items are the same. Adaptation, which involves the offered family resources when assistance is necessary; Partnership, regarding the reciprocity in family communications and problem solving; Growth, related to the availability of the family to the changes of roles and emotional development; Affection, which includes intimacy and emotional interactions in family context; and Resolve, associated to the decision, determination or resoluteness in a certain family unit 67.

It was finally constituted by 19 items with a Cronbach Alpha reliability of, 0, It is not suggested to modify the questionnaire proposed by Zung to measure anxiety, to be applied in Colombian population with the characteristics described above. DBU’s admission test measures personality traits, among which are anxiety, depression, family functionality, con sumption of alcohol and psychoactive substances, among other individual characteristics.

Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article doi: In the absence smilstein differences in the item score regarding the total test, it is affirmed that the item does not have power of discrimination, a reason why it must be eliminated.

In the present study, I am satisfied, because I can appeal to my family for heal when something is bothering or worrying me. According to the recommendation for gerontology care 2it is common that, in Brazil, the scientific research use, for the evaluation of functionality of families with elders, the Family APGAR A bibliographical research performed in an electronic database, which has scientific articles from many countries in Latin America and in the Caribbean, showed that only one Brazilian study performed in the Southeast region of Brazil demonstrated the evaluation of the psychometric proprieties of Family APGAR, but on the other hand, it is not recognized that smilkstsin results were also published in an article 8.


The Zung Depression Scale: Finally, higher anxiety and depression were found in the women’s group compared to the men’s, and a similar level of family dysfunction in both groups.

Thirteen clinicians administered the questionnaires to their patients. The correlations between the scales showed the right direction, confirming apagr con vergent and divergent validity of the anxiety, depression and family functionality scales. In regards to the component members of their family, Because the Family APGAR consists of only five questions, it is relatively easy and quick to administer; this has made it the preferred choice for evaluating family function in primary care and general medicine settings.

Thus, the current study had three objectives.

Pascarella and Terenzini mentioned four factors to be taken into account in the academic success or failure of university newly admitted students: And finally, are the levels of anxiety, depres sion, and family functionality in newly admitted students different across age ranges?

The discrimination power of the Anxiety, Depression and Family Apgar Scales was dmilkstein through the area under the ROC curve, which were signiicantly higher than 0,5.

Likewise, Campo et al. To determine if the test scores in the study showed significant differences between the two genders, Student’s t-test was used for independent groups.

Apgar familiar de smilkstein pdf files

However, this process was highly costly. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

However, for a wider intervention planning, it is suggested that other measuring instruments are used simultaneously, in order that the evaluation of all dimensions of family functioning are observed properly. There is a recommendation to continue the process of validation of the instrument with the elderly, specially when dealing with its validity in the construct.


The Zung Depression Scale has been used for a large number of studies in Colombian population.

Analysis of psychometric properties of family APGAR with elderly in northeast Brazil

No significant differences were observed between students’ age groups. In regards to the application of the instrument in elders, as seen in the context of the studied municipality of the Northeast region of Brazil, the reliability results, evaluated by its internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha demonstrated scores neat famlliar one, thus being categorized as a reliable element Once psychometric validity was verified, results were used to establish a comparison with clinical diagnoses obtained from general and specialized psychiatric consultation carried out by DBU.

Apbar diagnoses were classified and grouped into anxiety yes or nolevels of depression generalized, mild, moderate, severe and absenceand family support problems yes or no. Developed init is a 5-item questionnaire with each item rated on a 3-point scale measuring five constructs: University of Minnesota; The KMO result was 0. Participants The sample consisted of UIS students. Despite being validated in a state of a distinct geographical region 8another new situation of administration requires a new psychometric analysis, as an instrument is not validated by its measurement, but by its application We appreciate the work of everyone who supported us and all participated in this study.

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When reviewing the internal consistency of the anxiety and depression scales between male and female groups, no camiliar differences were observed, which leads to the conclusion that scales can be used reliably in men and women.

We found that the Family APGAR, especially the Resolve item, has the potential to become a tool for measuring family function, at least in terms of family issues. International Journal of Clinical and Health Pychology5 3 ,